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    2024年4月安徽自学考试英语国家概况试题 课程代码:00522

    2024-05-16 09:36:39   来源: 其它     点击:
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      绝密★考试结束前
    2024年4月高等教育自学考试
    英语国家概况试题
    课程代码:00522
    1.请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。
    2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的考试课程名称、姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔 填写在答题纸规定的位置上。
    选择题部分
    注意事项:
    每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题纸上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮
    擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。
     
    I.MULTIPLE   CHOICE
    Read the following unfinished statements or questions carefully.For each unfinished statement  or  question,four  suggested  answers  marked  A,B,C  and  D  are  given. Choose the one that you think best completes the statement or answers the question. Write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space on the ANSWER SHEET.(30 points,1 point each)
    1.Lough Neagh,the largest lake in the UK,lies in              
    A.    Wales                                                           B.Scotland
    C.England                                                        D.Northern   Ireland
    2.        had little influence on the language or culture of ordinary Britons.
    A.The   Romans                                             B.The   Anglo-Saxons
    C.The    Danes                                                 D.The    Normans
    3.A two-party system has existed in the UK since the late             century.
    A.16th                                                             B.17th
    C.18th                                                              D.19th
    4.After becoming the first Archbishop of Canterbury,              was remarkably successful in
    converting the king and the nobility to Christianity.
    A.King   Ethelbert                                          B.Pope  Gregory  l
    C.St.Augustine                                                D.St.Andrew
     
     
     
     00522#英语国家概况试题第1页(共6页)

    5.The smooth takeover of the English throne by William and Mary without bloodshed in
    1688 became known as              in British history.
    A.the  Glorious  Revolution                           B.the    Restoration
    C.the  English  Reformation                           D.the  Gunpowder  Plot
    6.In    England,               redistributed  parliamentary  seats  more fairly among the growing
    towns.
    A.the Act of Supremacy of 1535                 B.the Test Act of 1673
    C.the  1825  Act                                             D.the  Reform Act  of 1832
    7.After the "Black Wednesday"fiasco of September  16,1992 in the UK,             economic
    policies were criticized.
    A.Tony   Blair's                                             B.John    Major's
    C.David Cameron's                               D.Gordon    Brown's
    8.The discovery of oil in              led to the rapid development of oil exploitation in the UK.
    A.the  North  Sea                                            B.the  English  Channel
    C.the  Irish   Sea                                              D.the  Bristol   Channel
    9.The House of Commons in the UK is elected for a maximum term of               years.
    A.two                                                  B.three
    C.four                                                              D.five
    10.The  world-renowned              events in Britain include the Royal Ascot,the Derby and the
    Grand National Steeplechase.
    A.track-and-field                                            B.horse-racing
    C.rowing                                                         D.yachting
    11.At  the  beginning   of  the   20th  century,               made  a  fortune  as  the  leader  of the
    enormous expansion of the steel industry.
    A.John    D.Rockefeller                                 B.Andrew    Carnegie
    C.Henry   Ford                                               D.Wilbur   Wright
    12.Leadville,which still preserves a living picture of gold rush days in the United States,
    lies in               
    A.the American  West                                   B.the  Pacific  Coast
    C.the   Midwest                                              D.the   South
    13.Beginning in the late 1990s and early 2000s,the image of the United States changes from
    a melting pot to a              
    A.colored   bowl                                            B.golden   bowl
    C.salad   bow1                                                D.super    bowl
     
     00522#英语国家概况试题第2页(共6页)

    14.In  the  United   States,the   first  railroad  to  cross  the  entire  country  was  completed  in   in 1869.
    A.Texas                                                             B.Utah
    C.Kansas                                                            D.Nebraska
    15.The terrorist  attacks that took place  in  September  2001  shifted  America's  attention  to  the
    problem of              
    A.national     economy                                      B.public     welfare
    C.racial discrimination                             D.domestic      security
    16.The  Spanish-American  War  in   1898  resulted  from  US   support  for  the  independence movement in                ,which was then ruled by  Spain.
    A.Panama                                                          B.Puerto     Rico
    C.Mexico                                                           D.Cuba
    17.In   1955,Martin  Luther  King  organized  the  black  citizens  of               to  boycott the bus
    system.
    A.Montgomery                                                  B.Little     Rock
    C.Memphis                                                        D.Topeka
    18.Although                  lost the popular vote,he was  still elected president of the United  States.
    A.Ronald    Reagan                                          B.Bill     Clinton
    C.George     W.Bush                                         D.Barack      Obama
    19.The  Supreme  Court  of the  United  States  consists  of a  chief justice  and               associate
    justices.
    A.six                                                                  B.seven
    C.eight                                                               D.nine
    20.Who is generally considered to be the father of American drama?
    A.Eugene      O'Neill.                                        B.Ernest     Hemingway
    C.Emily     Dickinson.                                      D.Henry    David    Thoreau.
    21.        is the capital of Canada.
    A.Ottawa                                               B.Toronto
    C.Vancouver                                         D.Montreal
    22.After         Russia.                is the world's  second largest country in area.
    A.Australia                                                        B.New     Zealand
    C.India                                                               D.Canada
     
     
     
     
     00522#英语国家概况试题第3页(共6页)

    23.The   novelist             was the first Australian to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
    A.Marcus  Clarke                                       B.Patrick  White
    C.Henry Kingsley                                      D.Thomas Keneally
    24.Situated  in  the  Eastern  Highlands,              is a monumental garden city in Australia. A.Sydney                                                    B.Perth
    C.Adelaide                                                  D.Canberra
    25.In  Australia,the  power  of  Parliament  is  limited  by              
    A.the  Queen                                               B.social  conventions
    C.the Governor-General                             D.a written constitution
    26.Pakeha is a term used to refer to people of non-Polynesian heritage in New Zealand, especially those of              descent.
    A.European                                                 B.African
    C.American                                                 D.Asian
    27.The tuatara,found on  some  of the  smaller  islands  of New Zealand,is  a kind  of              
    A.insect                                                       B.reptile
    C.bird                                                           D.fish
    28.Three  fourths  of New  Zealanders  live  on              
    A.the Chatham Islands                               B.the  South Island
    C.the North Island                                      D.the Cook Islands
    29.English was first introduced to Ireland during              
    A.the Tudor conquest                                 B.the Norsemen invasion
    C.the Norman invasion                             D.the Cromwellian conquest
    30.It   was              that joined Great Britain and Ireland into the United Kingdom in 1801. A.the Anglo-Irish Agreement                     B.the Sunningdale Agreement
    C.the Belfast Agreement                             D.the Act of Union
    非选择题部分
    注意事项:
    用黑色字迹的签字笔或钢笔将答案写在答题纸上,不能答在试题卷上。
    II.  BLANK FILLING
    Choose 10 answers from the box and write the correct letter in the blanks 31-40
    on the ANSWER SHEET.(20 points,2 points each)
    31.The  forerunners of the  Conservative Party in the UK were              
    32.In the  14th  century,              killed between one half and one third of the population of
    England.
     00522#英语国家概况试题第4页(共6页)

    33.Mrs.Thatcher was removed from the position of Prime Minister in  1990 by her  own party
    partly because of her imposition of a              
     
    34.English    oppression    and              of  1845-1849  led to the  immigration of 1.5 million Irish
    people to the United States.
     
    35.In    1867,Russia     sold               to the United  States for 7.2 million dollars.
     
     
    36.        has won Canada's Governor General's Award for fiction three times.
     
    37.The     movie              contains  critical perspectives on Australian history  and social life.
     
    38.At its founding in the late  1700s,Australia was a              
     
    39.The  unrivaled  scenic  attractions  of  New  Zealand  are  shown  to  the  world  in               
    trilogy
     
    40.The National Theater of Ireland was founded in part by the poet and playwright              
     
    ***************************************
    A.the Tories
    B.prison colony
    C.Black Death
    D.The Lord of the Rings
    E.    Alice Munrc
    F.the   Potato   Famine
    G.A  Cry  in  the  Dark
    H.    William Butler Yeats
    I.     the Whigs
    J.     Hawaii
    K.   Alaska
    L.    “poll tax”
    ***************************************
     00522#英语国家概况试题第5页(共6页)

    III.  TERM EXPLANATION
    Define the following terms in English.Write your answers on the ANSWER SHEET in around 40 words.(10 points,5 points each)
    41.Aotearoa
    42.the Petition of Right
    IV.SHORT  ANSWER  QUESTIONS
    Give a brief answer to each of the following questions.You are required to use complete  sentences.Write  your  answers  on  the  ANSWER  SHEET.(30  points,  3 points each)
    43.What were the three vast,underpopulated territories acquired by Britain in the late  18th
    century?
    44.What are the three branches of the British government?
    45.Why do courts in the UK enforce a law of contempt?
    46.Why is tourism quite developed in New England?
    47.What were the guiding principles behind all American diplomatic activities during WWII?
    48.For what purpose did the Canadian government adopt an official policy of multiculturalism
    in 1971?
    49.Who appoints the Governor-General of Canada?
    50.What are the three basic geographical regions of Australia?
    51.Which two countries signed the Downing Street Declaration in 1993?
    52.What does the secondary school system in Ireland comprise?
    V.ESSAY   QUESTION
    Write 100-120 words on the following topic on the ANSWER SHEET.(10 points)
    53.What were the main characteristics of the American economic development in the early
    20th century?
     
     
     
     00522#英语国家概况试题第6页(共6页)

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